Don’t ever complicate it. Follow these 3 principles instead.
Warning: this is the most boring article you will read this week.
Straight up. I am going to talk about some super simple, straightforward NON-ground breaking stuff... It isn't the most exciting. BUT.... if you take what you read to heart and actually USE IT you can significantly decrease your chance of injury or even address some of the injuries you may already have.
I have already written about WHY so many cops get back pain and how they should train to maximize their performance. I highly recommend checking those article out.
The focus of this article is teaching 'Spine Sparing' strategies. These strategies will help you learn to use your shoulders and hip properly, instead of your back...
Simple. Not easy.
Strength and Conditioning isn't rocket science, though some of the programs I see suggest otherwise.
The best way for an officer to avoid injury is to have a simple, well rounded and consistent program. No fancy gimmicks or equipment, just solid fundamentals. That doesn't mean we can't have fun.... battle ropes, airdynes, medicine balls... they all have their place. But the bulk of your training should be focused on the highest ROI.
When I train officers, I focus on the 7 Fundamental Movement Patterns. These are: Pressing, Pulling, Lunging, Squatting, Hinging, Twisting and Running. As human beings, everything we do is a hybridization or variation of these 7 movement patterns. Sometimes it can look more complex than that, but the reality is everything can be broken down into its' movement building blocks. (Kinda like Lego! And who doesn't love Lego?).
How often you train is going to affect what each training session looks like, but the sessions don't have to vary dramatically. I have already written extensively about the 7 Fundamental Movement patterns, so if you are unfamiliar with them I suggest checking out the series I wrote about them: Part 1: Push/Pull, Part 2: Lunge/Squat, Part 3: Hinge/Twist and Part 4: Gait/Running.
Here are a couple of examples, depending on frequency, of how a training session would look...
In order to avoid losing time on your POPAT or PARE laps, you need to be proficient at the speeding up and down the stairs. There is an obvious solution: train stairs more. BUT, if you struggle with it there are more effective ways to train.
Here is what NOT to do: do laps on the stairs to exhaustion...
It is often assumed that the ‘Push’ station of the Police Physical Abilities Tests (PATs) are a measure of upper body strength or endurance. While upper-body pressing power is a major factor, the ‘Push’ requires whole body involvement. If you only train for pressing, you still won’t get anywhere if you fail to transfer force from your core...
As a first responder you are responsible for the public's safety and well-being. FR are some of the most important jobs in today's modern world. There is a catch though. Not only are you responsible for the public's safety (including my own!), you are also responsible for your own. You owe it to yourself to be prepared and ready to respond to the demands. To do this you need to be injury free, strong and fit. Sometimes when you are living a high performance lifestyle (such as a first responder) it is easy to get side tracked and forget about what is important. When it comes to fitness, there are a few goals that I recommend working towards to stay in tip-top shape. Whether you are running into a burning building, chasing after the bad guy or lifting the MI patient into the stretch, these goals give you the fundamentals you need.
The pull-up is one of the best exercises in existence. It is a full body movement that requires not only upper-body strength but also core control and appropriate mobility. For athletes, or anyone else who wants to maximize sports performance, the Pull-Up should be a staple in your program. Along with the deadlift, it is probably the best single exercise (if there is such a thing) that teaches you to tie the trunk to the arms, and integrate your core and upper extremities.
Unfortunately, most men and women are unable to do pull ups. Even among those who can, most can't do a REAL pull up, but rather a shortened range, poor technique, grunting and screaming (sometimes literally) mediocre form of a pull-up. Don't get me wrong, I applaud you if you can manage to get your chin above the bar, regardless of the technique, because it still puts you ahead of 99% of the population. However, literally everyone should be able to do at least a single, clean technique, chest-to-bar pull up. Yes, CHEST to bar. Not chin to bar.
The good news is that you can get there, no matter where you start from.
There are literally thousands of exercises out there that you could choose to do. Yet, so many of the exercises I see performed in the gym or on YouTube have little transferability to sport or real life situations.
On the other side of the spectrum, there are also some exercises that not only have great bang-for-your-buck but also help you develop functional strength...