Why Cops have Back Pain - and what to do about it

Why Cops have Back Pain - and what to do about it

If you have back pain, you are among millions of North Americans. As many as 85% of people will experience back pain in their lifetime, and most of those who do will experience it more than once. That is borderline INSANITY. There are many factors in play, like biomechanics, genetics and body composition, but the good news is, for most people it is preventable. Many people can get out of pain by making a deliberate decision to fix it.


For a Law Enforcement Officer, this can be a significant problem, and the deck is stacked against you. Between the car, the gear, and the physical demands, LEOs are pre-disposed to injury, unless you take proper precautions. The nature of the job requires you to be able to go from a standstill to 100% effort immediately. You're not about to tell a bad guy "Hold on a sec, I just need to quickly do some glute bridges and monster walks." If you are going to be prepared for this rapid increase in intensity, you need to train for it and have the mobility to handle it. The nature of the responsibilities of an L.E.O. require a lot of sedentary time, and it doesn't set you up for success.

Author: Mark Murdoch, Kinesiologist, Chiropractic Student. Have questions? Email me. I want to help!

Basics of Mobilization

Basics of Mobilization

I mobilize every day. Or at least.... most days.... But that's beside the point. What I am trying to say, in a less-than-elegant manner, is that mobilization is important, and it should be done often. My car, my desk, and my kitchen table all contribute to some sticky spots in my Range of Motion that I need to work out on a regular basis. BUT. I have a different set of tools than most of the people reading this. I have a pretty strong knowledge of anatomy and access to clinicians and soft-tissue tools that aren't commonplace.

But again.... that's beside the point. The POINT is that you don't need any sort of advanced anatomy knowledge, fancy or expensive tools, or to pay $50 every time you have sore calf muscles. You are perfectly capable of doing regular maintenance on yourself. All it takes is a simple understanding of a few simple principles to get you heading in the right direction. That is what I outline in this post. 

Author: Mark Murdoch, Kinesiologist, Chiropractic Student. Have questions? Email me. I want to help!

How often should I train?

Short answer? It depends.

The more often you train, the more results you will see.... to an extent. How much you train isn't as important as how well you recover. 

How well you recover is highly individual, and a product of multiple factors...

1. Age

First, take a 22 years old with an athletic background? She's fresh out of college, where she ran track, is working reasonable hours and has a sunny-disposition. She can probably train 2x a day for 7 days a week, eat pizza, and make still progress.

How about the 45 years old guy who's overworked? He's been working at a dead-end job for 15 years, has slowly gained weight and takes melatonin to get to sleep every night. His recovery abilities probably aren't quite as generous as they used to be. He will need to be more conscious of how he sleeps, what he eats, and how he spends his downtime. 

The one thing both of these people have in common? Good habits will maximize their results.

2. Training Experience (aka Training Age)

If you have experience with resistance or cardiovascular training you can usually train more often than a brand-spankin'-new beginner.


3. Lifestyle

Being able to train twice a day is one thing, but you also need time to recover from every session you put your body through. That includes extra sleep (quality sleep), and time to prepare proper meals to meet the needs of your recovering body (which is literally re-building the tissues you damaged during your training session).


4. Type of Training

Some types of training take more of a toll on your body than others. For example, long-distance running and heavy resistance training can be devastating to your body, and leave you walking with less than a spring in your step for days following.

Lighter resistance days or short/high-intensity workouts will usually allow you to bounce back much quicker. This allows you to accumulate more training volume over multiple sessions than you could have in the single, much more demanding, session.

Keep in mind, the grueling long-distance runs and the heavy-double resistance days have their place, but you don't need to be training that way every week.


5. What are your goals?

If you have more demanding goals, you will need to have higher training demands. This means not only training hard but also training smart.

However, if your goals are general health, or if you just want a Physical Abilities Test (PAT) time that meets your application requirement, you can trade in the 'extra' training days and replace it with the activities that make life worth living. Not feeling the gym today? Take a hike (in the literal sense), go for a bike ride, or even just a walk around the block.


*6. A great recovery day is better than a poor training day

I don't mean you get to sit on your butt and binge-watch Scandal. But taking a day out of the gym and spending it with your family or friends can be just as valuable as yet another day in the gym, as long as you've earned it. Sprinkle in a short recovery style workout (ex: 1 min skipping, 25 BW Squats, 15 Push Ups, 30 walking lunges, FINISH), and 10 minutes of mobility work and your day off can have just as positive of an effect on your training.


But Mark.... How often should I train!?!

Ok, fine. I'll give you some actionable guidelines. However, understand that the below recommendations are extremely general, and how often you train combined with what type of training you are doing is something you need to figure out on your own (or, preferably, with the guidance of a great trainer.

Here are some basics:

Strength and Resistance: As a general guideline, if you're new to strength/resistance training I would recommend training 2-3 times per week. Use your soreness as a judgment on how much you can handle.

Cardiovascular/Aerobic Conditioning: If you are performing High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT), I would recommend training 3 times per week.


B.Kin, Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology CPT

Author: Mark Murdoch, Kinesiologist, Chiropractic Student. Have questions? Email me. I want to help!