It is often assumed that the ‘Push’ station of the Police Physical Abilities Tests (PATs) are a measure of upper body strength or endurance. While upper-body pressing power is a major factor, the ‘Push’ requires whole body involvement. If you only train for pressing, you still won’t get anywhere if you fail to transfer force from your core.
Here are my top 7 exercises to help prepare you for the ‘Push’ station of the PATs.
- The Push-Up is one of my favorites among all exercises (including Bodyweight Exercises). It develops both pressing/pushing strength and core stability. The key to maximizing the benefits from the push up is having strict standards on form, never letting the core sag of the hips to elevate excessively.
- Men: aim for 40 consecutive, straight body push ups
- Women: aim for 25 consecutive, straight body push ups
2. Floor/Bench Press
- There is no exercise better for developing raw-pressing strength than the Bench Press and the Floor Press. Like the push-up, it still requires core strength, but most of the limitations to the Bench Press come from upper body strength.
- Men: aim for body weight for 5 reps
- Women: aim for 60% bodyweight for 3-5 reps
3. Bent Over Row
- This might seem counterintuitive, using a pulling exercise to develop pushing power. However, our body is pretty smart. In order to develop true strength, we need to hit both sides of the body. A poor pulling ability will end up limiting pushing ability. Using the Bent Over Row, in particular, is another exercise that helps develop core stability, and the transfer of force from the core to the extremities.
- Aim for 50% bodyweight for 4-8 reps, 3-5 sets
4. Lat Pulldown/Pull Up
- You don’t need to be able to perform a Pull Up to be able to pass your PAT. Don’t get me wrong, there is a strong correlation between those who can do a Pull Up and those who pass the test, but it isn’t required. That being said, pulling in the coronal plane is an essential skill/movement for any proper strength program. Using the Lat Pulldown to develop your lower back will help strengthen your posture and ultimately help you Push/Press from the optimal position (in other words, developing your PULL will make your PUSH stronger!).
- Men: aim for 5-10 repetitions of Pull Ups for 3-5 sets
- Women: aim for 75-85% of BW Lat Pulldown for 5-10 Reps for 3-5 sets
- Finally. We get to my favorite strength exercise. The deadlift is a full body exercise. It utilizes just about every muscle in the body, whether to move the weight or stabilize the joints. Use the deadlift at least once a week (ex: one heavy day and one light day).
- You should be able to DL your body weight for a couple reps, which will go a long way in preparing you for both the Push and the Pull station.
6. Back Squat
- Another staple strength exercise, the Back Squat, like the Deadlift and many of the other exercises in this list, might be counterintuitive for training the Push. The Back Squat is the ultimate ‘Push’ exercise for the lower body. When performing the Push during the PAT, you need to use the whole body, not just your arms. Developing your squatting power will transfer to the Push, where using your legs is extremely important for speed and completion.
- Aim for squatting your bodyweight on the bar for multiple repetitions. Emphasise perfect form!
7. Hollow Body Hold
- I might seem like I repeat myself a lot, and that is because I do. The exercises that work to develop power or strength regularly make it back into my programs. The Hollow Body Hold is a prime example of this. During the Push, the machine is trying to force you into extension (imagine your back arching backward, your shoulders and hips arching behind you). The Hollow Body Hold specifically develops your ability to resist extension and therefore improves your ability to apply force to the machine (and not let the machine control YOU).
- Aim for 30s straight body holds for 3-5 sets.
B.Kin, Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology CP